Инфинитив – неопределенная форма глагола – с частицей to будет использоваться в следующих случаях:
Для объяснения цели / причины действия (infinitive of purpose)
- I went to London to study English.
- She went to the bakery to buy some bread.
Иногда перед инфинитивом может стоять in order или so as:
- He did it in order to help her.
Инфинитив также используется после союзов how, what, who, where, when, whether, особенно при использовании таких глаголов, как know, decide, ask, learn, remember и т.д.
- I didn’t know what to say.
- He doesn’t know where to go.
- She hasn’t decided yet what to buy.
- Tell me how to get there, please.
Неопределённую форму глагола с частицей to также будем использовать после прилагательных, как в этих примерах:
- I am so happy to see you!
- He was surprised to hear that.
- She is afraid to go there.
- It’s too late to go there.
- It was too cold to go jogging.
- It’s easy to learn English.
Инфинитив можно использовать после порядковых числительных, например: first, second или после слов next, last:
- He is always the first to come to the parties.
- I was the last to leave.
Инфинитив может использоваться также после неопределённых местоимений something, nothing, somewhere, anyone, nobody и т.д. для пояснений и конкретизации
- Let me grab something to eat.
- It’s boring. There’s absolutely nothing to do!
- There’s no one to be seen.
Инфинитив также используется после следующих глаголов:
|advise||They advised me not to pay cash.|
|afford||Max can’t afford to buy this car.|
|agree||She agreed to give a presentation at the meeting on Friday.|
|allow||The boss allowed me to leave work early today.|
|appear||He appears to get better.|
|arrange||July arranged to stay with her aunt in Florida.|
|ask||I asked him to help.|
|be able||I’m sure John will be able to get the tickets for us.|
|beg||He begged her to stay but she refused.|
|choose||Max has chosen to leave for Oxford.|
|claim||She claimed to be a Russian princess.|
|decide||We decided to go out for dinner.|
|demand||He demanded to speak to the manager.|
|deserve||He deserves to have a better life.|
|enable||The scholarship enabled Max to study abroad.|
|encourage||My parents always encouraged me to ask questions.|
|expect||He expected to fail the exam. Everybody expected Max to give a presentation.|
|force||You can’t force me to make a decision.|
|forget||Don’t forget to turn off the lights and lock the door. I forgot to turn my mobile off.|
|help||He helped to clean the living room. He helped me to clean the living room.|
|hope||Mary hopes to pass the exam.|
|intend||We intended to visit London.|
|invite||The Browns invited us to go away for the weekend.|
|learn||I want to learn to drive.|
|manage||He managed to get 2 tickets for the concert.|
|mean||I meant to call you, I’m sorry I didn’t.|
|need||I need to go to the pharmacy.|
|offer||Max offered to give Mary a lift to the airport.|
|persuade||He persuaded me to come to the party.|
|plan||She plans to go on holiday to Greece next year.|
|prepare||The students prepared to take the test. The teacher prepared the students to take the test.|
|pretend||He pretended not to see me.|
|promise||He promised to pay me back, but he hasn’t done it yet.|
|recommend||He recommended me to take some cash.|
|refuse||The guard refused to let them enter the building.|
|remember||Remember to buy a present for Aunt Mary.|
|remind||Remind me to post this letter, will you?|
|seem||He seemed to be disappointed with the test results.|
|start||The baby started to cry.|
|teach||Mrs. Rose taught me to play the piano.|
|tell||He told the kids to be quiet.|
|tend||She tends to be quite shy.|
|try||Ben’s trying to repair the car himself.|
|wait||I’ll wait to see what will happen next.|
|want||I want to attend the concert. I want him to attend the concert, too.|
|warn||They warned us not to eat local food which might upset our stomachs.|
|would like||I’d like to have a bigger house.|
Использовано:School фото создан(а) freepik — ru.freepik.com